The images correspond to minimum energy conical intersection structures of the four DNA bases. At such geometries the ground state energy is strongly raised but the energy of the biradical excited state is not so much affected or even lowered. Therefore ground and excited states can become degenerate and a transition can occur. It is probably through such geometric distortions that DNA bases can efficiently relax to the ground state on a pico second time scale. Then only a slight chance of undergoing any photochemical modifications remains.
Through this inherent photostability in can be assured that only a small fraction of DNA bases undergoes photodamage. The small part that does react, for example to pyrimidine dimers, can be repaired by enzymes.
Now the technical part about the image: The background comes from a picture of the sun against a blue sky in the Austrian alps. The molecular structures were rendered with pymol. The trick was to use a transparent background in the rendering
Through adjusting the light setting I tried to get the light source to where the sun would be for the separate structures. e.g.
set light, [-100,-20,0]
to move the light source to the left and a little bit lower which would have been the appropriate setting for the adenine on top.
By reducing the
ambientsetting I tried to make this more pronounced. For this I used the
Setting/Edit Allin the menu, which is in some cases more convenient than the command line.